[87] A UN director described religious tensions between Muslims and Christians as being high. Games total 6. Between 1890, a year after the French first arrived, and 1940, the population declined by half due to diseases, famine and exploitation by private companies. Bozizé established a broad-based National Transition Council to draft a new constitution, and announced that he would step down and run for office once the new constitution was approved. The concessionary companies forced local people to harvest rubber, coffee, and other commodities without pay and held their families hostage until they met their quotas. On 23 July 2014, following Congolese mediation efforts, Séléka and anti-balaka representatives signed a ceasefire agreement in Brazzaville. Share. [31], On 11 January 2014, Michael Djotodia and Nicolas Tiengaye resigned as part of a deal negotiated at a regional summit in neighboring Chad. Abel Goumba was named vice-president, which gave Bozizé's new government a positive image.[why?] Almost two thirds of the country, (more than 2.3 million people, including more than 1.1 million children) need humanitarian assistance. Loading EEAS Articles... Press . [37], In the Ubangi-Shari Territorial Assembly election in 1957, MESAN captured 347,000 out of the total 356,000 votes[38] and won every legislative seat,[39] which led to Boganda being elected president of the Grand Council of French Equatorial Africa and vice-president of the Ubangi-Shari Government Council. During this time (1996) the Peace Corps evacuated all its volunteers to neighboring Cameroon. A year later, Emperor Bokassa crowned himself in a lavish and expensive ceremony that was ridiculed by much of the world. [46], By 1990, inspired by the fall of the Berlin Wall, a pro-democracy movement arose. [34] In 1928, a major insurrection, the Kongo-Wara rebellion or 'war of the hoe handle', broke out in Western Ubangi-Shari and continued for several years. [118] However, approximately half of the adult population of the country is illiterate. UFR on 15 December 2008). The total fertility rate in 2014 was estimated at 4.46 children born/woman. The Central African Republic (CAR) is gearing up for presidential elections on December 27. [25], During the 16th and 17th centuries slave traders began to raid the region as part of the expansion of the Saharan and Nile River slave routes. Malaria remains the top reason for medical consultations among the general population (42.3 %) and among internally displaced people it accounts for 47.1 % of consultations. Locals in the Central African Republic are facing a food shortage crisis amidst regional insecurity instability. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Since 1997, the country has hosted almost a dozen peacekeeping interventions, earning it the title of "world champion of peacekeeping". Other imports come from the United States (12.3%), India (11.5%), and China (8.2%). [133], Violence against children and women in relation to accusations of witchcraft has also been cited as a serious problem in the country. Central African Republic. [73], In the southwest, the Dzanga-Sangha National Park is located in a rain forest area. Corruption Perceptions Index. [78][79], The prefectures are Bamingui-Bangoran, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kémo, Lobaye, Mambéré-Kadéï, Mbomou, Nana-Mambéré, Ombella-M'Poko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pendé and Vakaga. Central African Republic National Day Press Statement. [14] It is also estimated to be the unhealthiest country[15] as well as the worst country in which to be young. [74], The climate of the Central African Republic is generally tropical, with a wet season that lasts from June to September in the northern regions of the country, and from May to October in the south. However, as of 2018 the official government is not in control of large parts of the country, which are governed by rebel groups. As of 2010[update], the country had the 4th highest maternal mortality rate in the world. people’s efforts to find long-term stability and peace. Average Goals/Match 0.83 Avg. As of 2020[update], the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.[10]. Bokassa himself may have been personally involved in some of the killings. Many thought of themselves as members of a clan rather than of a broader ethnic group. Document - On behalf of the Government of the United States and the American people, I congratulate the people and government of the Central African Republic as you celebrate your national day. Central Africans currently speak a wide variety of languages, including Baya (Gbaya), Banda, Ngbaka, Sara, Mbum, Kare, and Mandjia. The Séléka government was said to be divided,[63] and in September 2013, Djotodia officially disbanded Seleka, but many rebels refused to disarm, becoming known as ex-Seleka, and veered further out of government control. [117], Public education in the Central African Republic is free and is compulsory from ages 6 to 14. An IDP focus group during an inter-agency mission in Ndele in the north of the Central African Republic, July 2020. Credit: OCHA/Maxime Nama The UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated US$5 million to the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) International Rescue Committee (IRC), International Medical Corps (IMC), the Alliance for International Medical Action "[60] By August 2013, there were reports of over 200,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs)[61][62], French President François Hollande called on the UN Security Council and African Union to increase their efforts to stabilize the country. The Central African Republic is celebrating 60 years of independence. [69], It has been estimated that up to 8% of the country is covered by forest, with the densest parts generally located in the southern regions. [67] On 14 December 2015, Séléka rebel leaders declared an independent Republic of Logone. [132] Freedom of movement is limited in the northern part of the country "because of actions by state security forces, armed bandits, and other nonstate armed entities", and due to fighting between government and anti-government forces, many persons have been internally displaced. Hi there, we use cookies to improve your experience on our website. Some may not be viable and/or have incorrect Progress Scale values, population, language and religion information. The Azande people settled along the Ubangi River in what is today Central and East CAR, while Bantoid peoples migrated from the southwest from Cameroon. [32] During the 1920s and 1930s the French introduced a policy of mandatory cotton cultivation,[32] a network of roads was built, attempts were made to combat sleeping sickness, and Protestant missions were established to spread Christianity. [52] The podcast examines barriers faced by male survivors of sexual violence in the Central African Republic following the recent ASP report on sexual violence against men and boys in the country. [29], The European invasion of Central African territory began in the late 19th century during the Scramble for Africa. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. These groups eventually reached a peace deal with the Bozizé's government in January 2013 involving a power sharing government[12] but this deal broke down and the rebels seized the capital in March 2013 and Bozizé fled the country. A former French colony, the Central African Republic became independent in 1960. The army chief of staff, Abel Abrou, and General François N'Djadder Bedaya were killed, but Patassé regained the upper hand by bringing in at least 300 troops of the Congolese rebel leader Jean-Pierre Bemba and Libyan soldiers. The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.It is bordered by Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Cameroon. 2019 Score 25 /100. Maximum annual precipitation is approximately 1,800 millimetres (71 in) in the upper Ubangi region. Executive power is exercised by the government. Diamonds constitute the country's most important export, accounting for 40–55% of export revenues, but it is estimated that between 30% and 50% of those produced each year leave the country clandestinely. [40] Within a year, he declared the establishment of the Central African Republic and served as the country's first prime minister. Prior to the arrival of Europeans in the late 19th century, distinctions between different groups were highly fluid. As of 1999, eight roads connected the city to other main towns in the country, Cameroon, Chad and South Sudan; of these, only the toll roads are paved. About one-tenth of the population continues to practice traditional religions. In 1996–1997, reflecting steadily decreasing public confidence in the government's erratic behaviour, three mutinies against Patassé's administration were accompanied by widespread destruction of property and heightened ethnic tension. [84][85] The Catholic Church claims over 1.5 million adherents, approximately one-third of the population. [21][22] Ironworking arrived in the region around 1000 BC. MESAN continued to exist, but its role was limited. The southern regions have a more equatorial climate, but they are subject to desertification, while the extreme northeast regions of the country are a steppe. The river can be navigated most of the year between Bangui and Brazzaville. Morocco will face the Central African Republic tonight at 8 p.m. (Moroccan time) as part of the 2021 African Cup of Nations Qualifiers. By Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban. Sango is a lingua franca spoken by nearly nine-tenths of the population. Approximately 10,000 years ago, desertification forced hunter-gatherer societies south into the Sahel regions of northern Central Africa, where some groups settled. The largest ethnic groups are the Baggara Arabs, Baka, Banda, Bayaka, Fula, Gbaya, Kara, Kresh, Mbaka, Mandja, Ngbandi, Sara, Vidiri, Wodaabe, Yakoma, Yulu, Zande, with others including Europeans of mostly French descent. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [45], Kolingba suspended the constitution and ruled with a military junta until 1985. The Central African Republic (C.A.R.) There is also a Constitutional Court, and its judges are also appointed by the president. The country lies between latitudes 2° and 11°N, and longitudes 14° and 28°E.[69]. General elections will be held in the Central African Republic on 27 December 2020 to elect the President and National Assembly. The Central African Republic’s economic freedom score is 50.7, making its economy the 159th freest in the 2020 Index. Over the past two years, the U.S. has provided over $300 million of humanitarian, development, and security assistance in support of the C.A.R. The country lies between latitudes 2° and 11°N, and longitudes 14° and 28°E. The extent of this insurrection, which was perhaps the largest anti-colonial rebellion in Africa during the interwar years, was carefully hidden from the French public because it provided evidence of strong opposition to French colonial rule and forced labor. Central African Republic - Central African Republic - Ethnic groups: The people of the Central African Republic range from the hunting-and-gathering forest Pygmy peoples, the Aka, to state-forming groups such as the Zande and Nzakara. It also alleged harsh and life-threatening conditions in prisons and detention centers, arbitrary arrest, prolonged pretrial detention and denial of a fair trial, restrictions on freedom of movement, official corruption, and restrictions on workers' rights. The people of the Central African Republic range from the hunting-and-gathering forest Pygmy peoples, the Aka, to state-forming groups such as the Zande and Nzakara. Die Hauptstadt ist Bangui. Crisis in the Central African Republic – A Christian fighter walks by houses burned by ex-Seleka forces in Bogoura, a small town in the Central African Republic, on Sunday, January 19. The government violently suppressed the protests, killing 100 children and teenagers. [110], Bangui is the transport hub of the Central African Republic. IMPACT 2020/21 financial year (1 July 2020 to 30 June 2021) Construction and rehabilitation of 22 armouries/temporary storage kits for the national defence and security forces ongoing. The Central African Republic (CAR) continues to face a deteriorating security environment as a result of widespread violence and clashes between armed groups. Conflict-torn Central African Republic (CAR) is recovering and entering a new era of reconciliation and prosperity. [12] Approximately 25% of women had undergone female genital mutilation. Dacko became the country's first president when the CAR formally received independence from France on 13 August 1960, a date celebrated by the country's Independence Day holiday. Current population of Central African Republic — Countrymeters", https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/central_african_republic.htm, "World Report 2019: Rights Trends in Central African Republic", 'Cannibal' dictator Bokassa given posthumous pardon, World Economic Outlook Database, January 2018, "These are the world's unhealthiest countries – The Express Tribune", "Central African Republic worst country in the world for young people – study", "Pastoralism may have delayed the end of the green Sahara", Central Africa Republic Timeline – Part 1: From Prehistory to Independence (13 August 1960), A Chronology of Key Events in Central Africa Republic, "Rābiḥ az-Zubayr | African military leader", French Colonies – Central African Republic, "In pictures: Malaria train, Mayomba forest", Central African Republic: The colonial era – Britannica Online Encyclopedia, "Army Tropples Leader of Central African Republic", "Central African Republic – Discover World", "EISA Central African Republic: 1999 Presidential election results", "Central African Republic: Anatomy of a Phantom State", "Bozize to step down after transitional period", "On the Run as War Crosses Another Line in Africa", "Central African Republic: Hundreds flee Birao as French jets strike – Central African Republic", "Central African Republic president flees capital amid violence, official says", "Leader of Central African Republic Fled to Cameroon, Official Says", "UN warning over Central African Republic genocide risk", "France says Central African Republic on verge of genocide", Unspeakable horrors in a country on the verge of genocide, "Central African Republic crisis to be scrutinised by UN security council", "CAR interim President Michel Djotodia resigns", "Central African Republic's capital tense as ex-leader heads into exile", RCA : signature d’un accord de cessez-le-feu à Brazzaville, "Almost all 436 Central African Republic mosques destroyed: U.S. diplomat", Rebel declares autonomous state in Central African Republic, "Geography of Central African Republic, Landforms – World Atlas", "The Forests of the Congo Basin: State of the Forest 2006", "Wildlife of northern Central African Republic in danger", "Africa :: Central African Republic – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", http://citypopulation.de/Centralafrica.html, "International Religious Freedom Report 2010", "Table: Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country", "Central African Republic, Statistics by Diocese", "Central African Republic: Religious tinderbox", "Central African Republic. 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