By the time the Aztecs arrived, in the mid-1200s C.E., the valley had been a center of civilization for more than a thousand years. Mexico City. It became one of the largest cities of the world at the time with around 200,000 people living there. Rating. The Aztec capital was built on ____. [citation needed] In so doing, instead of demolishing an old temple and building a new one at the same site, they simply built over the old structure. Aztec became well-known farmers, warriors, and temple builders. The Aztec Empire was built and maintained by force, and every single Aztec male was given military training. ... to the northeast of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. They were allowed to govern themselves as long as they sent tribute to Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital city. The Aztec Empire arose in the Valley of Mexico, a fertile area nearly eight thousand feet above sea level. mountain. Although much of the capital of Mexico was built over the Aztec capital city, the Templo Mayor ruins remain. Built on an island in the middle of a shallow lake, its population numbered perhaps 150,000.¹ It was the hub of an urban network clustered around the lake whose total population was perhaps half a million, as well as the cynosure of an indigenous empire that held power over much of central Mexico (figure 1.1). The temple, decorated with bright colors, was rebuilt many times during Aztec history. In order to best cultivate the land surrounding Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs built long platforms of soil called _____. Mexico City was built on the ruins of the Aztec capital city. The Mexica built their capital city on an island in the now-drained Lake Texcoco. Archaeologists have unearthed new sections of Aztec tower of human skulls dating back to the 1400s beneath the centre of Mexico City. Irrigation and floating garden beds allowed people to grow several crops a year. 8. jeifunk. When Cortés and his soldiers entered the Aztec capital on November 8, 1519, … 6th - 8th grade. island. Tenochtitlán was the capital of the Aztec Empire. Because according to the Legend, the God Huitzilopochtli give precise instructions to the Mexicans about the place they should build their altepetl (city state) after they left Azlan. Aztecs. The Aztecs and the Capital they built at Tenochtitlan is a remarkable example of Technological and Cultural development. The emperor was the supreme commander of the armed forces. The Aztec built their city of Tenochtitlan on that site, building a great artificial island, which today is the center of Mexico City. Updated 1/22/2015 12:47:29 PM. The temple complex in the middle of the island was the political and religious heart of the city state. In this lesson, students will learn about the history and culture of the Aztecs and discover why their civilization came to an abrupt end. Order Your Homework Today! Street names and place names echo the ancient Nahua city. The city-state of Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec Empire and thus it was here that the Aztecs built their most important buildings. Tenochtitlan was the largest and the capital city of Aztecs which was built on an island in Lake Texcoco. The Aztec Empire was one of the most important pre-Columbian empires in the American continent. This legendary vision is pictured on the Mexican flag. What was the capitol of the Aztec empire? The Aztec “empire” was more of a collection of city-states than an empire. Like the Aztec capital, Mexico City is a beautiful city, rich with history and culture. The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan was the hub of a rich civilization that dominated the region of modern-day Mexico at the time the Spanish forces arrived. When the Spanish came to Mexico, they filled in most of the waterways and began building what is now modern day Mexico City. At its apex, the city had a population of about 250,000 and was the seat of an empire that stretched to southern Mexico. The Aztecs built magnificent temples in this shape mainly for religious ceremonies. The Aztecs did not directly rule the peoples of their empire. answer choices . The Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, was built on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. Asked 1/22/2015 12:33:45 PM. They farmed corn but also built magnificent temps like the Mayans and Incans. The Aztec city of Tenochtitlan was built on an island in Lake Texcoco in 1325 where it is recorded on the Biblical Timeline Chart with World History. Order an Essay Check Prices. Mexican Flag. Aztec Capital - Tenochtitlan. They were at the heart of Mexico throughout the 14th through the 16th centuries. It was one of ancient Mesoamerica’s greatest and most impressive cities until it was sacked by the Spanish soldiers led by Hernan Cortes. Aztec cities often competed to construct the greatest temples in the Aztec empire. The Plaza del Volador, for example, was an important location for the Aztec ceremony of the new fire. chinampa. The city fell due to Hernan Cortes in 1521. Pre-Columbian Texcoco is most noted for its membership in the Aztec Triple Alliance. DRAFT. These inhabitants were divided into several social strata. History. New answers. The Spaniards later drained the… Founded around 1325, it amassed a population of 400,000 within two centuries and became the capital in the late 15th century — by which point it was part of a confederacy with Tlacopán and Texoco (hence why the Aztec empire is also known as the Triple Alliance). The city greatly impressed the Spanish when they arrived. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The Empire was formerly founded in 1428 but the city-state existed much before that with its own capital. The Aztec capital was Tenochtitlan, also known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan. 4 minutes ago. 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